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The National Sleep Foundation recommends that adults between 18 and 64 years of age sleep between 7 to 9 hours, while those over 64 should sleep between 7 to 8 hours.

Sleep reduces cardiovascular diseases According to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, those who sleep less than the recommendations are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack or stroke, than those that get a good night’s sleep.

As a result, adults that sleep less than 7 or 8 hours find it hard to concentrate on their responsibilities and feel tired all day.

A good night’s sleep leads to a healthy diet If you’re sleep-deprived, you eat more calories than those with a regular sleep pattern because you tend to consume more junk food, which causes weight gain.

Then it’s time to change your sleep pattern and work on getting more quality sleep, as this will help you to process things better.

If you’re finding it hard to stick to a regular sleep pattern, you may consider optimizing your sleep environment so you’ll get the right amount of sleep without disrupting your concentration.

You see, a lot of women hate talking about their period and thus, people use different terms to refer to ‘menstruation’ such as ‘that time of the month’ and ‘Aunt Flo’ because period talk is still considered a taboo.

As a result, period myths have been going around for a long time- for instance, you might have heard that you can’t get pregnant while you’re menstruating or that you can’t go swimming because you’ll end up in a lot of pain.

This is very common in women who have irregular periods, haven’t been pregnant, and those with a family history of dysmenorrhea.

Although you don’t get your period during your pregnancy, there may be other reasons that explain your missed period:

If you have any questions about menstruation, talk to your gynaecologist. He/she will help answer your queries – Menstruating is a normal process that women go through, and there’s nothing to be ashamed of- Be confident and proud of your body- without periods we wouldn’t be here.

Before you put in or take out your contact lenses, ensure that your hands are clean and dry so water won’t come into contact with your eyes, as this would increase the risk of contracting an infection.

For instance, some people prefer wearing contacts only on weekends or once a month and therefore opt for daily eyewear, whereas those who wear them every day may opt for monthly contacts.

Furthermore, contact lens wearers should never use tap water to clean either their lenses and storage case, but the contact lens solution recommended by their doctor.

Dr Jon Femling states that sleeping in contacts can lead to dry eyes and conjunctivitis and should also be taken out before napping. What happens is that, when we’re awake our eyes are open and this brings oxygen to our cornea; however, if we sleep in contacts we’re depriving our eyes of oxygen, causing corneal infections.

Whether you wear contact lenses or not, doctors recommend that adults drink at least 2 litres per day- you should make sure that you’re drinking enough water in summer and during exercise, as this helps to compensate for the lost fluids.

There is no exact definition of a ‘toxic parent’ as we all may look at it from a different perspective, but it’s used to refer to narcissistic and abusive people- in other words, toxic parents control their children’s decisions as they don’t want them to achieve their goals.

Toxic parents may say that they love their children, but might not be aware of the long-term pain they are causing in their children’s lives.

Toxic parents are manipulative and jump into their victim role when you try to establish boundaries- In other words, they twist the truth to make themselves feel good and blame you for their or other family members’ problems. For example, if you decide to move out because you’re tired of how they’re treating you, they will start mentioning what they had done for you in the past:

Children brought up in a loving family grow into successful and independent adults, but those coming from a manipulative environment end up depending on their parents.

The only way to handle your parents’ toxic behaviour is by controlling YOUR behaviour- that is, that you can’t change or manipulate how they think or feel, just as they can’t control your feelings.